Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniana)
Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniana) is a conifer that can grow higher than 15m tall and 3m – 8m wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniana).
This plant has several common names including: Caucasian fir or Nordmann fir.
This is a evergreen plant that takes 20-50 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: Caucasian fir, Nordmann fir
Scientific name: Abies nordmanniana
Plant type: Conifers, Trees
Habit: Columnar / Upright
Height: Higher than 15m
Spread: 3m – 8m
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained
Planting type: Low Maintenance
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniana), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniana) is not a demanding plant regarding the type of soil and can grow in clay, loam or sand.
Clay soil is composed of more than 25 percent clay particles. These particles have a high moisture holding capacity and the soil is heavy to dig and can be waterlogged in winter (dry in summer).
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
As for pH, it is a plant that grows ideally in soils with pH acid or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Abies nordmanniana likes to grow in moist but well drained soil.
Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniana) should be grown in full sun places.