Coriandrum sativum (Coriander)

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is an annual aromatic herb from the Mediterranean region. It is known that the Egyptians the Greeks and the Romans used them for varied purposes, from the embalming of bodies, in dishes and beverages, as well as a medicinal plant. Coriander is widely used in Indian and Arabic cuisine.

Common name: Coriander
Scientific name: Coriandrum sativum
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Coriander can be grown in a variety of climates, although it does not enjoy low temperatures. Most coriander varieties grow best if grown in hot climate regions.


Coriander can be grown in places with direct exposure to the sun or partial shade. However, plants that are grown in full sunlight usually have a more intense taste.

Coriandrum sativum (Coriander) - white flowers
Coriandrum sativum (Coriander) – white flowers


Coriander prefer well drained soils, moderately fertile and rich in organic matter. Coriander is a rustic plant, which tolerates various soil conditions, producing leaves with better flavor if cultivated in moderately poor soils.


Water the coriander in order to keep the soil always moist when the plant is young but avoid the soil being soaked. When the plants are well developed reduce the watering, allowing the soil to dry slightly between irrigations.

How to plant coriander herb

The coriander is usually grown from seed. Coriander seeds may have a low germination rate and may take some time to germinate.
To facilitate the germination you can leave the seeds dipped in water for 1 to 3 hours. Temperatures around 25-27° C help to improve the germination rate.

Coriandrum sativum (Coriander) - seeds
Coriandrum sativum (Coriander) – seeds

Distribute the seeds in the final place in the garden. They should only be slightly covered with soil. The coriander does not like to be transplanted, but it can still be planted in containers and then transplanted to the final location with care, without stirring much in the root.

The coriander can be grown in pots and bins, preferably at least 30 cm deep, because the plant has a long primary root. If grown in smaller containers, its development will be quite limited.

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