Common marigold (Calendula officinalis)
Common marigold (Calendula officinalis) is a plant in the annuals and biennials category that can grow 10cm – 50cm tall and 10cm – 50cm wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Common marigold (Calendula officinalis).
This plant has several common names including: common marigold, golds, goldes, goldings, goldins, Jack-on-horseback, marybuds, Mary’s gold, pot marigold, rod’s gold, ruddes, ruddles, Scotch marigold, souvenir or yellow goldes.
This is a deciduous plant that takes 1-2 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: common marigold, golds, goldes, goldings, goldins, Jack-on-horseback, marybuds, Mary’s gold, pot marigold, rod’s gold, ruddes, ruddles, Scotch marigold, souvenir, yellow goldes
Scientific name: Calendula officinalis
Plant type: Annual / Biennial
Height: 10cm – 50cm
Spread: 10cm – 50cm
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial shade
Soil: Chalk, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Well drained
Garden type: City & Courtyard Gardens, Informal Garden, Patio & Container Garden, Wildlife Gardens
Planting type: Flower borders and bedding, Hedging & Screens
Annuals and biennials are ideal for formal or informal flower beds, but also for growing in pots and containers of all kinds. They are important plants for their rapid growth, instant color and relatively low cost.
They are also useful plants for filling spaces between newly planted trees and shrubs, as well as in perennial beds that may need to be revived after the first spring bloom.
They are an important ingredient in country house gardens and wildflower meadows.
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Common marigold (Calendula officinalis), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Common marigold (Calendula officinalis) is not a demanding plant regarding the type of soil and can grow in chalk, loam or sand.
The chalky soil is pale and contains chunks of calcium-rich rock. It is a fertile and well-draining soil, almost always alkaline.
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
It is not very sensitive to soil acidity or alkalinity and grows well in soils with pH acid, alkaline or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Calendula officinalis likes to grow in well drained soil.
Common marigold (Calendula officinalis) is a plant that should be grown in full sun or partial shade positions.