Carrot (Daucus carota sativus)
How to plant
The seeds should be sown directly in the garden, as the carrot generally does not like to be transplanted.
Sow at a depth of 0.5 cm to 1 cm. Germination usually occurs between one and three weeks.
The recommended spacing varies depending on the cultivar and cultivation conditions, however most cultivars with cylindrical or conical roots can be cultivated with a spacing of 15 to 30 cm between the planting lines and 5 to 10 cm between the plants.
For cultivars with rounded roots the spacing between the planting lines can be 15 to 30 cm, with 5 cm between the plants.
Many carrot cultivars can be grown in pots and planters. The cultivars with rounded roots are the most suitable, but cultivars with other shapes can also be grown in pots and planters, as long as they are deeper than the average root size of the cultivar to be planted.
The soil in the container must be at least 5 cm deeper than the average size of the carrot to be harvested.
Remove invasive plants that are competing for resources and nutrients.
The start of the harvest depends on the cultivated variety of carrot, and can occur between 60 and 120 days when cultivation occurs under good conditions.
Do not delay the harvest too much, as the roots become fibrous and taste less pleasant. To get fresh carrots continuously, plant carrots every two or three weeks.
Leaves can be harvested when necessary from well-developed plants, but over-harvesting leaves can hinder root growth. Younger leaves taste better.
Carrots are grown as annuals, but they are biannual plants.