Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is an herb that can grow 50cm – 1.5m tall and 10cm – 50cm wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis).
This plant has several common names including: lemon balm, balm, balm leaf, balm oil plant, barm leaf, bee balm, dropsywort, honey plant, pimentary, sweet balm, sweet Mary or tea balm.
This is a deciduous plant that takes 2-5 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: lemon balm, balm, balm leaf, balm oil plant, barm leaf, bee balm, dropsywort, honey plant, pimentary, sweet balm, sweet Mary, tea balm
Scientific name: Melissa officinalis
Plant type: Herbs, Perennials
Height: 50cm – 1.5m
Spread: 10cm – 50cm
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial shade
Soil: Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Well drained
Garden type: Informal Garden, Wildlife Gardens
Planting type: Flower borders and bedding
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is a plant that adapts to all types of soils, chalk, clay, loam or sand.
The chalky soil is pale and contains chunks of calcium-rich rock. It is a fertile and well-draining soil, almost always alkaline.
Clay soil is composed of more than 25 percent clay particles. These particles have a high moisture holding capacity and the soil is heavy to dig and can be waterlogged in winter (dry in summer).
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
It is not very sensitive to soil acidity or alkalinity and grows well in soils with pH acid, alkaline or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Melissa officinalis likes to grow in well drained soil.
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is a plant that should be grown in full sun or partial shade positions.