Black oak (Quercus velutina)
Black oak (Quercus velutina) is a tree that can grow higher than 15m tall and wider than 8 metres wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Black oak (Quercus velutina).
This plant has several common names including: black oak, American black oak, dyer’s oak, quercitron or yellow-barked oak.
This is a deciduous plant that takes more than 50 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: black oak, American black oak, dyer’s oak, quercitron, yellow-barked oak
Scientific name: Quercus velutina
Plant type: Trees
Habit: Columnar / Upright
Height: Higher than 15m
Spread: Wider than 8 metres
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained, Well drained
Planting type: Low Maintenance
Trees are essential plants in gardens, large and small, with their sculptural presence.
In terms of design, they add height, structure and interest all year round with attractive flowers, foliage, fruits and trunks.
In addition, they provide home and a food source for birds and other wildlife.
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Black oak (Quercus velutina), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Black oak (Quercus velutina) is not a demanding plant regarding the type of soil and can grow in clay, loam or sand.
Clay soil is composed of more than 25 percent clay particles. These particles have a high moisture holding capacity and the soil is heavy to dig and can be waterlogged in winter (dry in summer).
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
It is not very sensitive to soil acidity or alkalinity and grows well in soils with pH acid, alkaline or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Quercus velutina likes to grow in moist but well drained or well drained soils.
Black oak (Quercus velutina) should be grown in full sun places.