Cloven gum box (Escallonia bifida)
Cloven gum box (Escallonia bifida) is a shrub that can grow 3m – 8m tall and 1.5m – 3m wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Cloven gum box (Escallonia bifida).
This plant is commonly known as cloven gum box.
This is a evergreen plant that takes 5-10 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: cloven gum box
Scientific name: Escallonia bifida
Plant type: Shrubs
Height: 3m – 8m
Spread: 1.5m – 3m
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained, Well drained
Garden type: City & Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Informal Garden
Planting type: Flower borders and bedding, Hedging & Screens, Wall-side Borders
Other characteristics: Plants for pollinators, RHS Award of Garden Merit
Shrubs are fundamental elements in any garden.
They add color and interest throughout the seasons with their wide variety of flowers, foliage, fruits, trunks and stems.
Whatever the size or style of your garden, the permanent woody structure or the foliage of evergreen shrubs will give the space shape and dimension.
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Cloven gum box (Escallonia bifida), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Cloven gum box (Escallonia bifida) is a plant that adapts to all types of soils, chalk, clay, loam or sand.
The chalky soil is pale and contains chunks of calcium-rich rock. It is a fertile and well-draining soil, almost always alkaline.
Clay soil is composed of more than 25 percent clay particles. These particles have a high moisture holding capacity and the soil is heavy to dig and can be waterlogged in winter (dry in summer).
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
It is not very sensitive to soil acidity or alkalinity and grows well in soils with pH acid, alkaline or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Escallonia bifida likes to grow in moist but well drained or well drained soils.
Cloven gum box (Escallonia bifida) should be grown in full sun places.