Bougainvillea is a vigorous evergreen woody climber that features abundant and spectacular flowering. This sentence says it all about this fantastic plant.Common name: Bougainvillea
Scientific name: Bougainvillea
Plant type: Climbers
Height: 3m - 8m
Spread: 3m - 8m
Flower color: Pink, Purple, Red
Season of interest: Spring, Summer
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Loam, Sand
Moisture: Well drained
Garden type: Informal Garden, Patio & Container Garden
Planting type: Containers & Pots, Wall-side Borders
Its leaves are small, smooth, slightly elongated and bright. The flowers are small and projected and can be found in a big range os colors, being the pink, red and purple the most famous. It can be grown as a shrub, tree, hedge or climbing, majestically adorning pergolas and arches of strong structure.
How to plant
They must be cultivated in fertile soil, previously prepared with organic fertilizers, always in full sun. It is native to southern Brazil, with subtropical characteristics. Bougainvillea doesn’t tolerate frosts and should be protected if the temperature drops below 10ºC (50ºF).
It requires annual training and maintenance pruning to stimulate flowering and renew part of the foliage.
How to propagate
Bougainvillea can be propagated by semi-hardwood cuttings taken with a heel in summer. It can also be propagated by hardwood cuttings in deep pots in winter with bottom heat of 3-6°C (5-10°F) above the air temperature to encourage rooting. These cuttings may take three months to root.
Air Layering in mid spring is usually more effective and new plants will flower in 2-3 years