Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
Foxgloves (Digitalis purpurea) are very attractive plants when they are in bloom. Digitalis purpurea is a plant that can reach over 2 m in height when it is flowering, although in most cases it does not reach more than 1 m in height.
Plant profileCommon name: Foxglove, Foxglove
Scientific name: Digitalis purpurea
Plant type: Annual / Biennial
Height: 1.5m - 3m
Spread: 10cm - 50cm
Flower color: Pink, Purple
Season of interest: Summer
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial shade
Soil: Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained, Well drained
Garden type: City & Courtyard Gardens, Informal Garden
Planting type: Flower borders and bedding, Low Maintenance
Other characteristics: Flowers for pollinators
Its spires contain many flowers whose shape and size inspired its name. The flowers are usually purple or of varying shades of pink, but there are plants with white and yellow flowers.
The relatively vertical shape of the plant, its height and the attractiveness of its inflorescences make it a highly appreciated ornamental plant, being normally grown in borders, but it can also be grown in large pots, especially the smaller varieties.
It grows best in mild or cold weathers. It cannot stand in high temperatures. Foxglove is a plant that needs cold or mild weather to grow well and flourish.
They prefer partial shade with good light. It can also be grown in direct sunlight in regions where the climate is mild even during summer.
The soil must always remain moist, but not soaked.
Foxgloves should be planted in well-drained, fertile soils, rich in organic matter and with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. But it is quite tolerant as to the soil.
Spring or summer.
Biennial plants, normally blooming only in the second year of life.
Propagate foxgloves by seed, which are very small and should be sown superficially in the soil.
Can be covered only with a light layer of sieved soil. The seeds can be sown in the final place or in seed trays. The seedlings should be transplanted when they reach approximately 8 cm in height. The seeds usually germinate in two or three weeks.
Foxglove is also grown for the extraction of the substances that are used in drugs for the treatment of some heart diseases. This plant is, however, toxic, and should not be consumed.