Stag’s horn sumach (Rhus typhina)
The Stag’s horn sumach (Rhus typhina) is a small tree or large shrub that can reach 5m in height and 6m in width.
In summer, it produces velvety inflorescences in the shape of a red pinnacle. However, this deciduous tree is especially appreciated in autumn, when the deeply divided leaves take on shades of orange and red.
The fruits grow on female plants in dense, hairy and red clusters.
In this article
Plant profileCommon name: Stag's horn sumach, Green-flowered sumach, Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac, Vinegar tree, Virginian sumach
Scientific name: Rhus typhina
Plant type: Shrubs, Trees
Height: 3m - 8m
Spread: 3m - 8m
Foliage color: Green (spring), Green (summer), Orange (autumn), Red (autumn)
Season of interest: Autumn
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial shade
Soil: Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained, Well drained
Garden type: Coastal, Informal Garden, Rock & Gravel Garden
Planting type: Low Maintenance
How to plant
Plant alone or in a shrub border. It prefers positions of full sun and well-drained soil. It is a good plant for dry locations or if you want to create a drought-resistant garden.
How to prune
You can prune drastically in early spring to keep the plant compact. Cut the stems 30 to 60 cm from the ground.
Rhus typhina can be propagated through seeds or semi-woody cuttings.