Norway spruce (Picea abies)
Norway spruce (Picea abies) is a tree that can grow higher than 15m tall and wider than 8 metres wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Norway spruce (Picea abies).
This plant has several common names including: Norway spruce, Baltic whitewood, Burgundy pitch tree, common spruce, spruce fir or white deal.
This is a evergreen plant that takes 20-50 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: Norway spruce, Baltic whitewood, Burgundy pitch tree, common spruce, spruce fir, white deal
Scientific name: Picea abies
Plant type: Trees
Habit: Columnar / Upright
Height: Higher than 15m
Spread: Wider than 8 metres
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained
Planting type: Low Maintenance
Trees are essential plants in gardens, large and small, with their sculptural presence.
In terms of design, they add height, structure and interest all year round with attractive flowers, foliage, fruits and trunks.
In addition, they provide home and a food source for birds and other wildlife.
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Norway spruce (Picea abies), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Norway spruce (Picea abies) is not a demanding plant regarding the type of soil and can grow in clay, loam or sand.
Clay soil is composed of more than 25 percent clay particles. These particles have a high moisture holding capacity and the soil is heavy to dig and can be waterlogged in winter (dry in summer).
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
As for pH, it is a plant that grows ideally in soils with pH acid or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Picea abies likes to grow in moist but well drained soil.
Norway spruce (Picea abies) should be grown in full sun places.