Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) is a climber that can grow higher than 15m tall and 3m – 8m wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia).
This plant has several common names including: Virginia creeper, American ivy, American woodbine, false grape, five-leaved ivy, five-leaves, true Virginia creeper, wild wood vine or woodbine.
This is a deciduous plant that takes 5-10 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: Virginia creeper, American ivy, American woodbine, false grape, five-leaved ivy, five-leaves, true Virginia creeper, wild wood vine, woodbine
Scientific name: Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Plant type: Climbers
Height: Higher than 15m
Spread: 3m – 8m
Sunlight: Full shade, Full Sun, Partial shade
Soil: Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained, Well drained
Planting type: Wall-side Borders
Versatile and decorative, climbing plants can make great contributions to creative garden designs.
Their rambunctious branches complement other plants and adorn structures with flowers and foliage.
Climbers are often used as a backdrop for other plants or are grown on pergolas to provide shade and height for the garden.
You can also create focal points by interweaving them through trees, pyramids and pillars, or train them on a trellis to form partitions between different areas of the garden.
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) is a plant that adapts to all types of soils, chalk, clay, loam or sand.
The chalky soil is pale and contains chunks of calcium-rich rock. It is a fertile and well-draining soil, almost always alkaline.
Clay soil is composed of more than 25 percent clay particles. These particles have a high moisture holding capacity and the soil is heavy to dig and can be waterlogged in winter (dry in summer).
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
It is not very sensitive to soil acidity or alkalinity and grows well in soils with pH acid, alkaline or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Parthenocissus quinquefolia likes to grow in moist but well drained or well drained soils.
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) grows well in full sun, although it can also be grown in shady places.