Common box (Buxus sempervirens)
Common box (Buxus sempervirens) is a shrub that can grow 3m – 8m tall and 3m – 8m wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Common box (Buxus sempervirens).
This plant has several common names including: common box, European box or Abassian boxwood.
This is a evergreen plant that takes 20-50 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: common box, European box, Abassian boxwood
Scientific name: Buxus sempervirens
Plant type: Shrubs, Trees
Height: 3m – 8m
Spread: 3m – 8m
Sunlight: Full shade, Partial shade
Soil: Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained, Well drained
Garden type: Mediterranean Garden, Patio & Container Garden
Planting type: Ground Cover, Hedging & Screens, Low Maintenance
Other characteristics: Drought resistant, Plants for pollinators
Shrubs are fundamental elements in any garden.
They add color and interest throughout the seasons with their wide variety of flowers, foliage, fruits, trunks and stems.
Whatever the size or style of your garden, the permanent woody structure or the foliage of evergreen shrubs will give the space shape and dimension.
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Common box (Buxus sempervirens), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Common box (Buxus sempervirens) is a plant that adapts to all types of soils, chalk, clay, loam or sand.
The chalky soil is pale and contains chunks of calcium-rich rock. It is a fertile and well-draining soil, almost always alkaline.
Clay soil is composed of more than 25 percent clay particles. These particles have a high moisture holding capacity and the soil is heavy to dig and can be waterlogged in winter (dry in summer).
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
It is not very sensitive to soil acidity or alkalinity and grows well in soils with pH acid, alkaline or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Buxus sempervirens likes to grow in moist but well drained or well drained soils.
Common box (Buxus sempervirens) is a plant that should be grown in shade or partial shade positions.