Eschscholzia californica (California poppy) is a plant that can reach up to 50 cm in height, although it usually reaches only about 30 cm in height.
Its leaves are finely divided and its flowers are typically bright yellow or orange, but there are also cultivars of white, red and pink tones.
The flowers are approximately 5 to 8 cm in diameter and remain closed during the night and on cloudy days.
Scientific name: Eschscholzia californica
Plant type: Annual / Biennial
Height: 10cm - 50cm
Spread: 10cm - 50cm
Flower color: Orange, Red, Yellow
Season of interest: Summer
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Loam, Sand
Moisture: Well drained
Garden type: Coastal, Informal Garden, Rock & Gravel Garden, Wildflower meadow
Planting type: Flower borders and bedding
Other characteristics: Flowers for pollinators
It is an excellent plant for groups in sunny and rock gardens.
Although it is a relatively small plant, it does not grow well in shallow pots, as it has a long primary root, thus requiring deep pots.
In addition, they are more ornamental if grown in groups than individually, so larger pots, where several plants can be grown together, are more suitable for these flowers.
North America (mainly the state of California in the United States, but also in some other states such as Oregon, Nevada and Arizona and the state of Baja California in Mexico).
They can be grown in the warm months of the year in regions of cold winter. In regions with mild or warm climate they can be grown all year round, although they also do not grow well in places with high humidity climates.
Direct sunlight for at least a few hours daily.
The soil should remain slightly moist but should dry out between waterings when the plants are well established. California poppy does not tolerate soggy or excessively moist soil.
Plant in a well-drained, light, deep soil, with a pH between 6.6 and 7.5. It can grow well even in relatively poor soils.
It usually begins to bloom three to six months after planting, depending on growing conditions.
Grown as annuals in regions where they cannot be grown all year round but they are in fact perennials.
Propagate California poppy by seed. The seeds should be sown in the final location, as the California poppy seedlings generally do not support the transplant well.
Sow superficially on moist soil, covering at most with a thin layer of sieved soil. Seed germination takes one to four weeks.