Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla)
Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla) is a conifer that can grow higher than 15m tall and wider than 8 metres wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla).
This plant has several common names including: Norfolk Island pine or house pine.
This is a evergreen plant that takes more than 50 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: Norfolk Island pine, house pine
Scientific name: Araucaria heterophylla
Plant type: Conifers, Trees
Height: Higher than 15m
Spread: Wider than 8 metres
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial shade
Soil: Chalk, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained
Garden type: Architectural
Other characteristics: RHS Award of Garden Merit
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla) is not a demanding plant regarding the type of soil and can grow in chalk, loam or sand.
The chalky soil is pale and contains chunks of calcium-rich rock. It is a fertile and well-draining soil, almost always alkaline.
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
It is not very sensitive to soil acidity or alkalinity and grows well in soils with pH acid, alkaline or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Araucaria heterophylla likes to grow in moist but well drained soil.
Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla) is a plant that should be grown in full sun or partial shade positions.