Austrian pine (Pinus nigra subsp. nigra)
Austrian pine (Pinus nigra subsp. nigra) is a conifer that can grow higher than 15m tall and wider than 8 metres wide. In this growing guide we’ll learn the cultivation details and how to plant Austrian pine (Pinus nigra subsp. nigra).
This plant is commonly known as Austrian pine.
This is a evergreen plant that takes 10-20 years to reach full maturity.
In this article
Common name: Austrian pine
Scientific name: Pinus nigra subsp. nigra
Plant type: Conifers, Trees
Habit: Spreading / Branched
Height: Higher than 15m
Spread: Wider than 8 metres
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Moisture: Moist but well drained, Well drained
Garden type: Architectural, Coastal, Informal Garden
Planting type: Low Maintenance
Other characteristics: Drought resistant
How to plant
In this section we will learn how to plant Austrian pine (Pinus nigra subsp. nigra), know its needs in terms of soil, watering and sun exposure.
Austrian pine (Pinus nigra subsp. nigra) is a plant that adapts to all types of soils, chalk, clay, loam or sand.
The chalky soil is pale and contains chunks of calcium-rich rock. It is a fertile and well-draining soil, almost always alkaline.
Clay soil is composed of more than 25 percent clay particles. These particles have a high moisture holding capacity and the soil is heavy to dig and can be waterlogged in winter (dry in summer).
The loam soil is dark, rich in organic matter but balanced in minerals. It offers the best of all worlds, retaining enough water for the plants, but allowing excess moisture to drain away. This is the most desired type of garden soil, perfect for most plants.
Sandy soil is light, porous and very easy to drain. It is a soil poor in organic matter and nutrients. It is composed of relatively large mineral particles that allow water to drain quickly.
It is not very sensitive to soil acidity or alkalinity and grows well in soils with pH acid, alkaline or neutral.
Regarding drainage, Pinus nigra subsp. nigra likes to grow in moist but well drained or well drained soils.
Austrian pine (Pinus nigra subsp. nigra) should be grown in full sun places.